According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men, after skin cancer. As the name implies, this is cancer that occurs in the prostate. The prostate is a small gland that is shaped like a walnut, found below the bladder in men. This gland produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm through the male sexual organ.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that for every 100 men above age 60, six will have prostate cancer before their 70th birthday. If you are a man reading this, you should be concerned and rightly so.
Prostate cancer may grow slowly and remain unnoticed. But in other cases, it may grow aggressively and spread rapidly thereby causing severe harm to the individual.
At its advanced stage, prostate cancer can produce the following symptoms:
- Weakness in the stream of urine
- Unease in the pelvic area
- Bone pain
- Difficulty in passing urine
- Blood in semen
- Erectile dysfunction
If you are experiencing some or all of these symptoms or even related symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor immediately. But if not, here are three simple ways to prevent or reduce your risk of the cancer:
It begins with your diet
As is necessary for your overall health, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is important in maintaining prostate health. So choose a fruit and vegetable-filled diet. Eat foods rich in minerals and vitamins in order to maintain optimum health at all times.
No conclusive study of the impact of your diet on your prostate has been made yet, but it follows that a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals in your diet will improve your overall health, prostate included.
Make exercising a habit
Developing the habit of regular exercise can reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Some evidence has shown that men who do not exercise have higher levels of PSA, whereas men who carry out regular exercise may have a lower risk of prostate cancer.
Therefore, making a habit of exercising most days of the week will improve your overall health.
Consult your doctor
As earlier suggested, if you have a high risk of prostate cancer, talk to your doctor. There are certain medications and treatments available that can help reduce your risk. Apart from diet change, some studies also suggest that taking certain drugs which are used to control prostate gland enlargement and hair loss in men such as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors as well as finasteride (Propecia, Proscar) and dutasteride (Avodart), may help reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer. But some evidence shows that these drugs may actually increase your risk of getting a more serious type of prostate cancer.
Dr. Lin has made himself available here for a quick consultation at your own convenience. You may also consult your personal physician to fully understand your risk and decide the best option for you.